Blogger falls victim to Iran’s in-fighting
By Omid Memarian
SAN FRANCISCO – A week after Iranian President Mahmud Ahmadinejad told heads of state gathered for the United Nations General Assembly in New York that his government did not jail its citizens for expressing their opinions, Iran’s Revolutionary Court sentenced Hossein Derakhshan, an internationally known Iranian-Canadian blogger, to nineteen-and-a-half years in prison.
On Monday, the conservative website Mashreq announced the verdict issued by Branch 15 of the Revolutionary Courts.
Derakhshan, 35, was arrested in 2008 and charged with “cooperation with hostile states” and “propagating against the regime”, among other counts, the site said. In addition to the lengthy prison term, he was fined and banned from membership in political parties and work in the media for a period of five years.
“We are shocked,” one of Derakhshan’s relatives told Inter Press Service (IPS) on condition of anonymity due to the sensitivity of the case and fears of a backlash by security forces. “We never expected this to happen. Even according to Iranian laws, he has not done anything to deserve such a harsh sentence.”
Neither the family nor Derakhshan’s lawyer was aware of the sentence until it appeared on Mashreq’s website. His relative told IPS that Derakhshan did say that after two years in prison, “My state of uncertainty has finally ended,” referring to his long detention without any progress in his case.
Mohammad Ali Mahdavi, Derakhshan’s lawyer, told IPS that the verdict still had not been announced even to him. “I’m waiting for the official announcement to start working on the defense bill for the appeals court,” he said, adding, “I prefer to defend my client rather than bringing the case to the media as it might endanger the fate of the case at this phase.”
The judge in the case called Derakhshan’s family to confirm the verdict and sentence, according to the Paris-based Reporters Without Borders, which cited Derakhshan’s partner, Sandrine Murcia.
The Canadian government called Derakhshan’s sentencing “unacceptable and unjustifiable”.
“No one should be punished anywhere for simply exercising one’s inherent right to freedom of expression,” Lawrence Cannon, the foreign affairs minister, said in a statement. “Iran must release him”.
Judge Abolqasem Salavati is among three judges who are well known for issuing long and harsh sentences for political prisoners, particularly detainees from the post-election protests of mid-2009. His rulings have included the death sentence and numerous long-term prison sentences.
“I believe that first of all, the charges are totally unfounded, and the verdict demonstrates the injustice that many people have been talking about all these years,” Nikahang Kowsar, an award-winning Iranian cartoonist and blogger based in Toronto, where Derakhshan used to live, told IPS.
“Hossein wasn’t a very nice guy to many of us,” Kowsar said. “He criticized many journalists, bloggers and activists for being critical of the Iranian regime and ridiculing Iran’s leaders. He called us ‘agents of neo-liberalism’ or ‘enemies of Iran’ and tried to portray us as the ones willing to sell our nation to the West, but he was absolutely entitled to express his mind.”
Derakhshan, also known as Hoder, has been dubbed Iran’s “Blogfather” for his role in promoting blogging among Iranians via his popular website, hoder.com and his role in making it technically possible to blog in Persian.
Immediately following the reform era in 1999, Derakhshan was atechnology and Internet columnist for one of the reformist newspapers in Tehran. In 2000, he moved to Canada and continued his work as a full-time blogger in Toronto.
In 2006, Derakhshan traveled to Israel as a Canadian citizen, a trip that caused a huge controversy in Iran and abroad, as Iranian law forbids Iranian citizens from traveling to Israel. “We have a saying in Iran: ‘There is freedom of speech in Iran, but there is no freedom after speech in Iran’,” said Kowsar. “His captors are willing to make an example of him for others,” he added.
After years of criticizing the Iranian government, a few years ago, Derakhshan started supporting Ahmadinejad. He launched a fierce attack against the government’s critics, including human-rights activists, politicians, and journalists.
A source close to Derakhshan told IPS that his friends and colleagues warned him that traveling to Iran could be dangerous for him. “But he was positive that his support for Ahmadinejad and his government would protect him from being arrested,” said the source.
According the source, Derakhshan received the green light from a ranking official within the Ahmadinejad administration that his November 2008 trip to Iran would be tolerated. But a few days after his arrival in Tehran, he was arrested and sent to jail.
“Hossein had had some conversations with Press TV about working in their Tehran office,” Derakhshan’s mother, Ozra Kiarashpour, told the Kamtarin website on why he decided to come to Iran.
“Before his return to Iran, the High Council of Iranian Affairs Abroad promised Hossein that his trip would be without problems,” she said. “He had cleared his trip with this council, which is governmental and which is in contact with the intelligence service. That’s why even though Hossein knew that they would call him to be questioned, he did not expect to be arrested like this and hadn’t told us what to do in case he was arrested.”
“A representative from the council told us that they pursued his case on behalf of the council but that unfortunately they couldn’t do anything further. Why are there such splits in the country’ssecurity apparatus?” she asked.
Some believe that Derakhshan is being used as a pawn by certain political and security factions to justify the post-election crackdown and attempt to incriminate opposition political figures.
Mohammad Mostafie, a human-rights lawyer who recently fled to Norway under pressure from the Iranian judiciary, told IPS, “Several judges have gathered in a place they call the Revolutionary Courts, where they issue unfair, illegal and inhumane rulings based on orders from security and intelligence forces.”
“Some of these judges, like Judge Salavati, obey the intelligence forces rather than the law and issue whatever they want, whether it’s a long-time prison sentence or a death sentence,” he said.
(Inter Press Service)