Navtej K Purewal, SOAS, University of London and Eleanor Newbigin, SOAS, University of London This August marks 75 years since the partition of the Indian subcontinent. British withdrawal from the region prompted the creation of two new states, India and Pakistan. The process of transferring power grossly simplified diverse societies to make it seem like dividing social groups and drawing new borders was logical and even possible. This decision unleashed one of the biggest human migrations of the 20th century when more than ten million people fled across borders seeking safe refuge. Anniversaries can be a critical moment to pause … Continue reading Five myths about the partition of British India – and what really happened
Mathew Guest, Durham University This autumn’s Brazilian presidential election offers a glimpse of how 21st century populist leaders are using religion to enthuse their support base. The incumbent, right-wing firebrand Jair Bolsonaro, rose to power in 2018 with support from … Continue reading Brazil: how populist politicians use religion to help them win
Sun Tzu (meaning Master Sun) was a 6th century BC Chinese general and military strategist Sun Tzu was the author of the Art of War, an influential work of military strategy that has affected both Western and East Asian philosophy … Continue reading Who is Sun Tzu?
The United States is both a democracy and a republic, but the terms are not mutually exclusive. So let us break it down whether the United States a democracy or a republic: The United States a Democracy? The United States is a democracy, because, the people, hold ultimate political power. It is not a “direct democracy,” but a “representative democracy.” Representative democracy means voting in elections to choose representatives – this makes it a representative democracy, but remember the United States Constitution does not use the term “democracy.” The United States a Republic? The United States is a republic because … Continue reading Is the United States of America a Democracy, a Republic or an Oligarchy?
In 2022, a space race of a different sort will likely emerge, one which centres around the Moon, its resources, and who will come to control it. Heaven can’t wait One new project is known as Gateway, a lunar orbit station being constructed as part of a cooperative international effort that may serve as a ‘jumping off point’ for future missions to the Moon’s surface, such as the Artemis missions soon to be underway. Examples of the international contributions: the habitation section of the station is being built by a Franco-Italian firm associated with the European Space Agency and the … Continue reading In 2022 Earth Starts Conquest of its Moon?
After my session with Saudi students on Sun Tzu & Art of War, they put together some great quotes for me. Continue reading Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman & with Sun Tzu Quotes
MUSLIM WORLD LEAGUE (MWL), PROMOTES COMMON VALUES AMONG PEOPLES OF ALL FAITHS The Muslim World League (MWL), has progressed the work of the League since coming under the leadership of the new Secretary-General. Dr Muhammad bin Abdul Karim Issa has … Continue reading Promoting Shared Values among People of Different Religions – May 11th Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
NU Chairman Invites Indian Ambassador to Strengthen Peace within the Indo-Pacific Region Continue reading The ‘Ashoka Approach’ and Indonesian Leadership
Stephen Hall, University of Bath Russian intelligence chief Sergey Beseda and his deputy, Anatoly Bolyukh, were placed under house arrest on March 9. Beseda and Bolyukh oversaw the foreign intelligence branch of the FSB, which is the Russian security service. … Continue reading Ukraine war: inside the complex web of Russia’s warring intelligence agencies
Charles C. Stewart, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign The ancient Timbuktu manuscripts of Mali were back in the headlines following internet giant Google’s initiative to host a collection of them at an online gallery. The images of the documents, text in Arabic, can be found at a page called Mali Magic. No place in West Africa has attracted more attention and resources than the city that has always captivated the imagination of the outside world, Timbuktu. There have been documentaries and books, academic studies and a renewed public interest since some of Timbuktu’s world heritage status buildings were damaged in … Continue reading Timbuktu manuscripts placed online are only a sliver of West Africa’s ancient archive