The Charter of Makkah (Mecca)

In the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

On May 28, 2019, the “Charter of Makkah” was endorsed unanimously by an unprecedented group of the world’s leading Muslim scholars, who gathered in the Holy City for the promotion of moderate Islam.

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Muslims from 139 countries and different schools of thought have approved the “Makkah Charter”. This Charter promotes peace among followers of all religions, cultures, races and sects. And follows the example of the “Madinah Charter,” drafted by the Prophet PBUH to preserve the diversity of the Islamic nation.

The four-day conference called “Values of moderation in the texts of the Qur’an and Sunnah” by the Muslim World League (MWL) and supported by His Majesty King Salman and the Emir of Makkah Prince Khaled Al-Faisal who inaugurated the event.

Participants emphasised that diversity and equality of humanity is a strength. Bigotry through expressions, slogans, and acts of superiority are an affront to Islam.

They also agreed that religious and cultural diversity calls for active communication. Differences are a bridge for dialogue. The document warned that the growing challenges of anti-Muslim hate stem from lack of knowledge of the reality of Islam. And Muslims should express noble moral values, promote cooperation in addressing ethical, environmental challenges.

The document recommends the creation of a global forum to engage youth in constructive dialogue without barrier of nation, sect or religion.

“The Charter of Makkah” offers Muslims around the world guidance on the principles that speak to the true meaning of Islam.

The Charter of Makkah has the following thirty guiding principles:


All people, regardless of their different ethnicities, races and nationalities, are equal under God.


We reject religious and ethnic claims of “preference.”


Differences among people in their beliefs, cultures and natures are part of God’s will and wisdom.


Religious and cultural diversity never justifies conflict. Humanity needs positive, civilized partnerships and effective interaction. Diversity must be a bridge to dialogue, understanding and cooperation for the benefit of all humanity.


God revealed Himself to all mankind and is the origin of all religious belief, and its various messages and methods, when practiced in their true form. We shall not define any religion by the false political practices of those claiming to be adherents.


Civilized cultural dialogue is the most effective way to achieve tolerance and understanding, deepen community ties, and overcome obstacles to coexistence. We recognize and respect the other’s legitimate rights and right to existence. We set aside preconceived prejudices, historical animosities, conspiracy theories and erroneous generalizations. Those who were alive when the mistakes of history occurred are the ones responsible for them. No one should be held accountable for the mistakes committed by the other; no one should held accountable for a sin committed by another, irrespective of when in history it occurred.


Religions and philosophies are exonerated from the sins committed by their adherents and claimants. These sins reflect the adherents’ opinions, not the religions. The role of religious leaders is to call people to worship their Creator and seek His satisfaction by caring for his creations, protecting their dignity, and making positive societal and family contributions.


All Muslims should work together to prevent destruction and benefit humanity. We should establish a noble and effective alliance that goes beyond theory and empty slogans, and tackles the root causes of terrorism.


We should advance laws to deter the promotion of hatred, the instigation of violence and terrorism, or a clash of civilizations, which foster religious and ethnic disputes.


Muslims have enriched human civilization and can further enrich it today through their many contributions to addressing ethical, social and environmental challenges.


All individuals must combat terrorism and injustice, and reject exploitation and the violation of human rights . This duty is neither discriminatory nor partial.


The planet we enjoy is a gift given to us by God. The pollution and destruction of our natural resources are both a violation of our own rights as well as the rights of generations to come. To protect the right to live in a clean environment, all countries should sign climate treaties, cease polluting the environment, and manage industrial progress in a manner that safeguards mankind now and in future.


The clash of civilizations that calls for conflict and the spread of fear between one another are symptoms of isolation and hegemony, caused by racism, cultural dominance and seclusion.


These symptoms work together to deepen animosity among nations and peoples, and prevent peaceful coexistence and positive national integration, especially in multi-religious and multi-ethnic countries. Hatred is the raw material of nourishment for the industry of violence and terrorism.


The phenomenon of Islamophobia results from an inability to truly understand Islam. True understanding of Islam requires an objective view that is devoid of stereotypical and prejudicial notions, which are often projected by those falsely claiming to be true Muslims.


All individuals must promote noble moral values and encourage responsible social practices. They should cooperate in fighting moral, environmental and familial challenges according to concepts shared by Islam and humanity.


Personal freedom cannot justify violating human values or destroying social mores. Freedom does not equate chaos. Every freedom must stop before it limits the values and freedoms of others, and should respect the boundaries of constitutional and legal frameworks, while taking into account the public conscience and societal tranquility.


Intervention in the internal affairs of countries is a flagrant violation of sovereignty. This includes the practice of political dominance through economic or non-economic means, the promotion of sectarian beliefs and attempts to impose religious edicts (Fatwas) without respect for local circumstances, conditions and social conventions. Regardless of the pretext, intervention can never be justified, except in rendering relief aid, humanitarian support or social development programs, or in answering a legitimate and official request from a prominent public interest to confront aggression or corruption.


We should follow the examples of accountable global development efforts that deter all types of corruption, apply the principle of accountability, and change consumption patterns that interfere with development goals, deplete economic capabilities or waste resources.


Responsible educational institutions form the social safeguard of Muslim communities. They require effective curricula and teaching tools. The responsibility includes promoting centrism and moderation, especially among youth.


All world leaders and international organizations should cooperate effectively to achieve safe coexistence among the religious, ethnic and cultural communities of humanity. No individual should be discriminated against based on his or her religion, ethnicity or otherwise when it comes to political, economic or humanitarian assistance.


Global citizenship is a requirement. The principles of Islamic justice dictate respect for all nations, and their constitutions and laws. While citizens must faithfully pledge allegiance to their state, the state has requirements, too. It must ensure security and social peace, protect sanctuaries from desecration, and shield religious symbols from ridicule. These reflect the principle of mutual requirement, with rights for all elements of society, including religious and ethnic minorities.


An attack on a site of worship is a criminal act. The world must respond to such attacks with firmness of law, strong political will, and a unified stance against the mindset of terrorism that supports such acts.


Programs to combat hunger, poverty, disease, ignorance, racial discrimination and environmental destruction require the solidarity of all responsible institutions. These include governmental, intergovernmental and nongovernmental organizations, and those active in humanitarian service. Each should strive to preserve the dignity of mankind and the human rights of men and women.


The empowerment of women should not be undermined by marginalizing their role, disrespecting their dignity, reducing their status, or impeding their opportunities, whether in religious, academic, political or social affairs. Their rights include equality of wages and opportunity.


The highest responsibility of states and international organizations is the welfare of children, and their health, education and upbringing. The family also is responsible for development a child’s critical thinking to broaden his or her horizons, nurture abilities and creativity, and develop communicative skills, while safeguarding against deviation.


We must enhance the identity of Muslim youth, with its five pillars – religion, country, culture, history, and language – and protect it against exclusion. We must protect youth from the ideas of a clash of civilization, and block efforts to mobilize against those with whom we intellectually disagree. We must combat intellectual extremism along with militancy, violence or terrorism, by helping raise awareness among youth and guiding them according to the Islamic values of tolerance, peace and harmonious coexistence. These values teach comprehension of the other, preservation of the other’s dignity and rights, and observation of the national laws in which one resides.


We should establish an International Forum to promote constructive dialogue among youth inside and outside Muslim communities.


We should strive beyond resolutions, rhetorical initiatives and programs, and theoretical proclamations to achieve effective and authentic results that advance world peace and security, and fight techniques of annihilation, ethnic cleansing, forced migration, human trafficking and illegitimate abortion.


Only learned scholars such as those gathered at this Conference and agreeing to this Charter can speak in the name of the Muslim Ummah, or any matter pertaining to its affairs. We share common religious and human objectives to advance the interests of all. We recognize that this necessitates the participation of all, without exclusion, racism or discrimination against anyone, irrespective of religion, ethnicity or color. Blessing and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and all companions.

Issued in Makkah Al-Mukarramah in the vicinity of the Holy Ka’bah By the Conference on the “Charter of Makkah” convened between 16 22-24 Ramadhan 1440AH corresponding to 27-29 May 2019

Mohammed Abbasi

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